By Joseph Russell, P. Russell
The current booklet used to be written a few 20 years in the past however it has now not misplaced its topicality, for it includes a huge re-examination of the relatives of 2 major streams of latest philosophy - the Analytical and the Dialectic. Adherents and critics of those traditions are inclined to assurnethat they're diametrically hostile, that their roots, matters and ways contradict one another, and that no reconciliation is feasible. In contradistinction Russell derives either traditions from the typical root of the dissatisfaction with the arguments opposed to speculative philosophy. those in keeping with the writer go away a lacuna - sure elementsof our Weltanschaaung were got rid of, yet they can not be got rid of with out alternative lest we now have an incomplete global view, so incomplete in truth that it can't be achievable. in keeping with Russell a part of this vacuum is taken up through the analytical culture yet this practice isn't in a position to taking over the rest of it. That component of the vacant area is despite the fact that taken up through the dialectical tradi tion, which in flip can't itself deal with the complete of the matter. therefore the 2 reactions to the dying of speculative philosophy seem to be complementary in no less than this feeling. however the writer is going extra, for in accordance with hirn the analytical arguments themselves sincerely element to the emergence of dialectical difficulties, and the dialectical difficulties themselves want a few such heritage to arise.
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Additional info for Analysis and Dialectic: Studies in the Logic of Foundation Problems
Philosophical puzzlement is what happens when the role of a concept is obscured; and new philosophical theories are essentially theories in which the role of a concept is either misrepresented or deliberatel y al ber-ed, Whether philosophical grammar of this kind can in fact diminish the area of philosophical puzzlement remains to be seen. Leaving aside these obscuri ties and fractures in the theory of analysis, it remains to be noticed that these new styles of philosophy do have something in common.
Fifthly, however, the relation between them cannot reach even this minimum degree of logical acceptability. The suppo sed applicability of the language of appearance and reality to the relation between perception and physics depends, according to the foregoing analysis, on the existence of only one analogy between that relation and ordinary intra-perceptual reality-appearance si tuations - the systematic transformability of one into the other. The failure of the analogy between them to hold at any other point is a major argument for denying the applicability of appearance-reality language.
But how are they mistaken? A third phase, dominated by the later ideas of Wittgenstein, abandoned this search for meanings, and concerned itsel f instead with a scrutiny of the logical grammar of various key-concepts in natural languages - these concepts, namel y, which become the sources of philosophical problems. The grammar of a concept is found by studying its use, the role which it plays in the complex pattern of action. Philosophical puzzlement is what happens when the role of a concept is obscured; and new philosophical theories are essentially theories in which the role of a concept is either misrepresented or deliberatel y al ber-ed, Whether philosophical grammar of this kind can in fact diminish the area of philosophical puzzlement remains to be seen.
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