February 25, 2017

Archaeological Excavation by J. P. Droop

By J. P. Droop

J. P. suspend (1882-1963) used to be a classical box archaeologist. After graduating from Trinity university, Cambridge, in 1904 he labored as a box archaeologist for the British college at Athens, and used to be appointed Chair of Classical Archaeology at Liverpool collage in 1914. This quantity used to be meant as a consultant to useful archaeological excavation and used to be first released in 1915 as a part of the Cambridge Archaeological and Ethnological sequence. on the time of e-book, archaeology used to be beginning to turn into a extra clinical and educational self-discipline, as should be noticeable in Droop's arguments at the value of archaeological context and information of stratification on web site. the improvement of excavation as a scientifically dependent perform is proven through the emphasis on making plans of the location, not like previous publications to excavation. This quantity presents insights into the advance of the speculation in addition to the perform of archaeology.

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Those hours he would work tilling his own fields or another's, and excavating work is on the whole less heavy, for pick and spade naturally rest by turns, the spade being never used for breaking up the soil but only for clearing away that already excavated. The man in charge however has his attention continually on the strain. Moreover his headquarters are generally 2—2 20 PARTICULAR [CH. not absolutely on the site, and even at lunch time the journey to and fro may leave him little time for rest if he is to be back when work begins, while at breakfast time this is manifestly impossible.

It is not urged that the main planning, Ill] QUALIFICATIONS Z7 drawing and photography should not be done by professionals, but the main work in these branches can be done at a known time at the end of the excavation, when it is often possible to import a professional for a known amount of work, whereby the expense is much reduced. In the matter of photography moreover the archaeologist should have good experience at any rate of museum photography, that is to say, have an expert knowledge of arrangement, lighting and backgrounds, since in my experience no professional photographer can be trusted to do such work without supervision.

In rocky countries where field divisions are often stone walls, it is well to remember that these may be built on ancient foundations. All trenches should be dug with as much care and subdivision as the subsequent excavation as soon as finds have declared themselves, and their position should be carefully planned. No matter how unpromising the outlook every trial trench should be carried down to virgin soil, for the excavator cannot otherwise be sure that he has obtained all the knowledge possible from that trench.

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