By Richard B. Baldauf, Allan Luke
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Extra info for Language Planning and Education in Australasia and the South Pacific (Multilingual Matters, 55)
Wardhaugh, R. (1987), Languages in Competition. New York: Basil Blackwell. Page 14 1 Language planning and education 1 Richard B. Baldauf, Jr Defining Language Planning Language planning is a complex process which has been defined as involving deliberate language change in the systems of language code and/or speaking by organizations that are established for these purposes. In theory at least, language planning develops language problem-solving strategies that are future oriented. Language planning does not take place in vacuo, but considers language facts in their social, political, economic, psychological and demographic contexts (Rubin & Jernudd, 1971).
What influence do those variables have on the development and implementation of a particular language plan? What influence do they have on those responsible for plans and planning implementation? g. trade, tourism), the need for information and scientific exchange (cf. Grabe & Kaplan, 1986; Jernudd & Baldauf, 1987), nationalism (cf. Fishman, 1971), ethnic identity (cf. Edwards, 1985), religion (cf. Das Gupta, 1971), historical circumstances, the growth of urbanization (Jourdan, Chapter 9, this volume), bureaucracies and education.
Heath & Mandabach, 1983). One might argue that this attitude towards language change and development has carried over into many of the English influenced colonial and post-colonial situations in the Pacific. Language planning decisions are not made in detail, but left implicitly for the education system to develop and implement. As we will see in the chapters in this book, the degree to which such a generalization is valid varies with the situation. In the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea, for instance, it would appear the generalized hypothesis is more accurate than in Malaysia and Brunei.
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